All about studying engineering in TurkeyAdeeb Saadeh
When did engineering start in Turkey?
Engineering in Turkey started historically in the middle of the Ottoman Caliphate, as the “Mühendishane-i Bahri-i Hümayun” (Imperial School of Naval Engineering) to train naval engineers established 1773 by III. Mustafa based on the proposal handled by Gazi Hasan Pasa and Baron de Tott’s.
During the last 250 years, Turkish engineers and graduated international students carried the tradition and values of the golden era, with its deep-rooted history while also utilizing and developing advanced technologies and the ability to conduct scientific and practical research. They also contributed to science and technology at both national and international levels while keeping high environmental values, sociological principles, and ethical values.
History of Engineering in Turkey
The history of civil engineering in Turkey began in 1795 with the establishment of “Mühendishane-i Berri-i Humayun” (Imperial School of Military Engineering).
The transition to civil engineering education in the modern context started with establishing “Hendese-i Mülkiye Mektebi” (The Civilian School of Geometry, which became Istanbul Technical University in 1944). This move led to the construction of many roads and bridges in the country.
Furthermore, the Ottoman Empire’s engineers concentrated on agricultural practices, irrigation techniques, and the empire’s infrastructure like bridges and roads and shipbuilding. Since then, many schools had been established. Till the era of modern turkey, after the first world war, the new country continued to establish the current engineering schools.
In 1946, Istanbul Technical University was established and started teaching engineering like mechanical, civil, and electrical engineering courses. Nowadays, there are around 200 universities that offer engineering programs.
The Union of Chambers of Turkish Engineers and Architects (Türk Mühendis ve Mimar Odaları Birliği, TMMOB) was established in 1954. Nowadays, the union represents 24 chambers of Engineering departments with a total membership of 445,365 engineers around Turkey and the world.
The departments as below
|#||Name of the chamber||Name in Turkish||Foundation year|
|1||Agriculture engineers||Ziraat mühendisleri||1954|
|3||Chemical engineers||Kimya mühendisleri||1954|
|4||Civil engineers||İnşaat mühendisleri||1954|
|5||Electrical engineers||Elektrik mühendisleri||1954|
|6||Forestry engineers||Orman mühendisleri||1954|
|7||Mechanical engineers||Makina mühendisleri||1954|
|8||Mining engineers||Maden mühendisleri||1954|
|9||Naval architectures and marine engineers||Gemi mühendisleri||1954|
|10||Survey engineers||Harita kadastro mühendisleri||1954|
|11||Marine engineers||Gemi makinaları mühendisleri||1960|
|12||Urban planners||Şehir plancıları||1968|
|13||Petroleum engineers||Petrol mühendisleri||1970|
|14||Physics engineers||Fizik mühendileri||1970|
|15||Metallurgical engineers||Metalurji mühendisleri||1970|
|16||Meteorology engineers||Meteoroloji mühendisleri||1970|
|17||Geology engineers||Jeoloji mühendisleri||1974|
|18||Interior architects||İç mimarlar||1976|
|19||Geophysics engineers||Jeofizik mühendisleri||1986|
|20||Environmental engineers||Çevre mühendisleri||1992|
|21||Textile engineers||Tekstil mühendisleri||1992|
|22||Landscape architects||Peyzaj mimarları||1994|
|23||Food engineers||Gıda mühendisleri||1996|
|24||Computer engineers||Bilgisayar mühendisleri||2012|
Engineering as career
A career in engineering is one of the promising careers worldwide, offering a vast range of rewards; no other career lets you use theory and practice, be creative and innovative, and add a tangible impact on the world and earn a good salary.
The unemployment rate is one of the best around the world. Here are examples of the unemployment rate around the world.
|Country||Engineer Unemployment rate||Overall unemployment rate||Annual salary|
Engineering International Students in Turkey Facts.
International students in Turkey prefer Engineering to any other programs where 15% of them are studying Engineering. Around 28000 international students, as of the end of 2019, are enrolled in one of Turkey’s engineering programs.
What are the International Students study in Turkey?
35% of the Engineer students choose Istanbul to study engineering, and the remaining spread all over other provinces, they chose Istanbul for many reasons like
- Istanbul has more numbers of universities in turkey comparing to other provinces.
- The magic of Istanbul and living in Istanbul.
- Most of the top universities are located in Istanbu
Which city is preferable for International Students
More the 90% of the engineer students in Istanbul chose the Foundation Universities more than state universities due to the following reosons
- Teaching language is in English
- No need to have entery exams like YOS
- Easy comunication and acceptance process
- More modern
Find below the list of universities that offer the engineering program which have the most number of international students:
Engineering in Turkey.
|University||Number of students|
|ISTANBUL SABAHATTIN ZAIM||271|
How to apply to study Engineer in Turkey
It had never been easier to apply to Turkish universities, follow the below steps to apply easily to one or more universities in one click
- Add you documents ( passport copy , photograph , transcripts and certificates ) to your profile in the login page
- Go to the university in the above table and click on the chosen university.
- Click on the apply button.
- You can chose and compare programs from the educational portal.
If all of your document are genuien and you are within the admission requirments, you will get the conditional acceptance letter in one to two weeks .
Finally, we reminde you with MEDU free services if you apply to the university through MEDU.
- Free acceptance letter for the student, “no charges.“
- MEDU will complete all university registration procedures.
- Meet student at the airport.
- Free Sim Card loaded with internet ( immediate connection )
- Help the student in the accommodation
- Help the student in finalizing the residency documents
- Help the student in approving the equivalent of his certificates
- One day ( City Simulation Life ) to ease students living in the city as local.
- We provide the student with membership in the MEDU club, which will be very useful for the student during his stay in Turkey and help him find a job when he graduates